What is sexually transmitted diseases (STD)?
Sexually transmitted disease (venereal disease, sexually transmitted infection) is a variety of signs and symptoms caused by pathogens (mostly bacteria, virus, or fungal) that can be acquired and transmitted through sexual activity. According to World Health Organization, approximately 30 pathogens have been identified as STD causes.
Let me know their names!
These are some diseases classified as STD which are commonly found in Indonesia: gonorrhea, chlamydiosis, syphilis, HIV, genital herpes, genital warts, hepatitis B, trichomoniasis, etc.
How is STD transmitted?
- Mostly through sexual activity involving the sex organs, the anus, or the mouth
- Contact with blood, body fluids or tissue from an STD infected person
- Sharing unsterilized needles (especially in drug user)
What are the symptoms?
Symptoms may vary, depend on the disease. Most patients do not complain any symptoms. Some others may experience vaginal/penile discharge, pain, genital ulcer, etc.
Do I need a test?
According to Center for Disease Control and US Preventive Services Task Force, STD screening is recommended for people at increased risk. You are at increased risk if you are having multiple current partners, having a new partner, using condoms inconsistently, having sex while under the influence of alcohol or drugs, commercial sex worker, drug user, men who have sex with men, and women who have sex with women.
|If you are…||Recommended tests|
|Pregnant women||All pregnant women are recommended to be tested for HIV, syphilis, hepatitis B and C, and Chlamydia trachomatis,
Test for gonorrhea only if you have previous gonorrhea infection, other STDs, new or multiple sex partners, inconsistent condom use, commercial sex work, and drug use
|Non pregnant women||HIV, syphilis, chlamydia, gonorrhea|
|Men||HIV, syphilis, chlamydia, gonorrhea|
What should I do if I get positive results?
Consult your doctor for further testing and treatment. Also tell your doctor about how you feel because you may experience anger or shame. But remember what you have done is the right thing. Another important thing is to notify your partner. Your partner may also need to get tested or treated as you may transmit the infection back and forth.
This article is written by dr. Radityo Anugrah, Sp.KK
Bamed Skin Care Darmawangsa Square
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